The Indian understanding of the environment has evolved
Since ancient times, the interaction between man and nature has been extensively studied in literature. In the Vedas, nature is portrayed as a mother. Humans have had an intimidating relationship with the environment in their pursuit of a healthy environment. Human gratitude, sensitivity, respect, and affection for the environment are manifested in security, among other things. Man and the environment co-create, nourish, and protect one another. The Vedas and Puranas attest that humans have always revered nature and its means, such as water sources like Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati, trees like Bad, Peepal, Neem, and Tulsi, the Sun, Moon, and the ground. Nature has raised us as though we were children.
Nature is actually thought to be equivalent with The scent of presenting incense protects life and the environment. According to the Upanishads, the earth is God’s body, heaven is his brain, the sun and moon are his eyes, and the sky is his thoughts. As a result, chopping plants and trees that pollute water sources is forbidden. The Hindu faith holds that by presenting Ardhya to fire, water, air, and earth and offering sacrifices via yagyas, Lord Indra showers with delight, causing nature to expand and provide the needs of humans. Nature has been regarded as a deity in Christianity. Wordsworth, Keet, and Shelly became the world’s greatest poets while sitting in the lap of nature. In the Quranic verses The perfume of presenting incense protects life and the surroundings.
The ground is seen as God’s body, heaven as his brain, the sun and moon as his eyes, and the sky as his mind in the Upanishads. As a result, chopping down plants and trees that pollute water sources is forbidden. The Hindu faith believes that by presenting Ardhya to fire, water, air, and earth and offering sacrifices via yagyas, Lord Indra showers with delight, causing nature to flourish and provide the needs of humans. Nature has been regarded as a deity by Christians. Wordsworth, Keet, and Shelly rose to prominence as international poets while sitting in the lap of nature. In Islamic verses
Natural and cultural surroundings
The term “environment” has several different meanings. The term “environment” refers to all of the conditions that are required for an organism to exist. The literal definition of environment is the circle that surrounds and affects us, such as air, water, trees, plants, earth, sun, moon, stars, sky, and so on. The environment includes man-made communities, cities, dams, highways, and so on. There are two kinds of environments.
One created by nature, such as mountains, plains, plateaus, trees and plants, rivers and streams, animals and birds, and so on. Second, what man has created to meet his requirements, such as a town, city, home, road, train, dam, and so on. The physical or natural environment is the first sort of environment. social and cultural context It is also divided into two types: those that are physically apparent, such as buildings, roads, dams, fields-barns, and so on, and those that are observable in practise, such as religious practises, food habits, and festivals.
Cultural and social context
The link between humans and the natural environment shapes the cultural-social environment. Agriculture, industry, persons, customs, towns, roads, trains, air services, irrigation systems, government systems, and science and technology are examples of human-made, developed, and operated economic and social activities. Humans are constantly altering and transforming the natural environment. You research the area surrounding your school, make a list of the natural and cultural components, and discuss it in class.
Natural environment resources
Nature has provided numerous gifts to man, including rocks, minerals, soil, rivers, plants, and animals, to meet his requirements. Economic, legal, moral, and aesthetic science are all used to articulate values. A resource is any tangible thing or substance that is helpful or valuable to humans.
Man’s interaction with and influence on the environment
The human environment is interconnected. The environment both feeds and is impacted by humans. Human beings are directly related to the environment. Other species, like humans, rely on their surroundings for food, drink, air, and shelter. People and other species utilise the materials offered by nature; humans rely on environmental components for physical, cultural, industrial, and economic advancement. He has used natural resources to construct farms, factories, towns, cities, highways, trains, dams, and canals.
On this foundation, religion, ethics, and culture have evolved. Human intervention in the natural environment has resulted in environmental damage. Because of population development, the natural structure has altered. Urbanization, industrialisation, agriculture, transportation, and technological advancement Previously, man saw nature as a source of existence; now, in the modern industrial age, he seeks to impose his dominance over nature by utilising reserves in an inappropriate manner. As a result, the poison has become dissolved in the air, water, and food. Somewhere, woods are being destroyed, and vegetation is being destroyed. Droughts, floods, and landslides have caused thousands of people to suffer.
Natural resources are gradually depleting. The terrain is growing more arid, deserts are expanding, and arable land is shrinking. The expansion of irrigation technologies and contemporary agricultural practises are also showing capable of producing adequate food for the rising population, in fact all of them. These circumstances have been produced by man. Humans unbalance the ecosystem by arbitrarily exploiting nature for immediate gain, resulting in pollution. This imbalance is also harmful to the plants and animals. Man’s cultural milieu has been shaped by good food, habitability, a need for comfort, and intellect.
Environmental pollution types and impacts
Pollution of the air. Pollution of the air. The term for air pollution is Air pollution is generated by factory smoke, pesticide usage, chemical experiments, and the decomposition of waste and animal carcasses. The temperature of the atmosphere has risen due to an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. As a result, the ice at the poles has begun to melt.
There is a risk of sea water rising up to one metre. As a result of this, coastal regions may be at risk of drowning. The rise in sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere caused by the combustion of coal and mineral oil causes eye irritation, sore throat, respiratory ailments, and environmental harm. the respiratory system Acid rain is further exacerbated by air pollution. Air pollution has also increased the risk of expanding the hole in the ozone layer.
The ozone hole
The ozone hole is located between 20 and 35 kilometres above sea level in the atmosphere. At the height of the planet, there is an ozone layer that protects the creatures by absorbing the sun’s damaging UV radiation. Ozone is a well-organized molecular group. Because of the increased usage of chloro fluorocarbon (CFC), a gas used in products such as refrigerators and air conditioners, the ozone layer has become a hole.
This hole was discovered above Antarctica in 1985. This gap has now expanded to South Australia, North America, and Europe. UV radiation are wreaking havoc on the world as a result of the hole in the ozone layer. This raises the likelihood of developing skin cancer. which causes the body’s immunity to deteriorate Plant growth slows when the rate of photosynthesis slows, and the forest begins to dry out. Some of the heat is absorbed and returned to the surface by carbon dioxide and other insulating gases. As a result, excess heat begins to accumulate in the lower atmosphere, and the temperature of the atmosphere rises, resulting in global warming.
Pollution of the soil Soil pollution is defined as any undesired change in the physical, chemical, or biological qualities of the soil that reduces its fertility and usefulness. Soil contamination is caused by the excessive use of pesticides and chemical fertilisers, industrialisation, urbanisation, plastic, polythene, continuous irrigation with salty water, rubbish from households, waste material from hospitals, mining debris, and so on.
The visible ground is unsanitary due to soil contamination and garbage. The site is unsuitable for other uses due to the buildup of waste items. There is a risk of soil erosion, landslides, and the formation of ravines. A decommissioned mine Hundreds of acres of land near the Jhagraha coal mine in Bihar have been flooded. The posters around it warn of dangerous situations. The earth’s surface is being ruined and corrupted in these locations since they are not moving ahead.
Pollution from radioactive sources
While radioactive materials penetrate the environment and cause radioactive contamination, nuclear elements are employed for a variety of reasons. Nuclear processes employ radioactive materials such as uranium, thorium, cesium, plutonium, cobalt, and transium. These substances are the source of radioactive contamination.
The production and testing of atomic bombs resulted in radioactive contamination. Radiation dispersion from radioactive materials has far-reaching consequences. Human and animal cells are damaged as a result of the discharge of surplus energy during nuclear testing. Strontium is a dangerous radioactive active element.
Indian understanding of the environment 2022 | Natural and cultural surroundings